Saturday, January 20, 2018

Re-Fetching Flush Agent in Adobe Experience Manager(AEM)

Re-Fetching Flush Agent in Adobe Experience Manager(AEM)

This video explains the details on Re-Fetching Flush agent on Adobe Experience Manager(AEM).




Friday, January 19, 2018

Serving the static resources through different domains(Cookie less Domains) - Adobe Experience Manager(AEM)

Serving the static resources through different domains(Cookie less Domains) - Adobe Experience Manager(AEM) 


This post will explain the approach to improve the page load time of the websites through serving static resources via multiple cookie less domain.

The page load time of the website directly related to the number of resources requested to render the page in browser, most of the cases the browser makes multiple calls to receive the related resources.

The browser is restricted with number of default simultaneous connections per server, if the number of resources requested in the same domain is more then that will delay the page load time - the resources are loaded sequentially(this restriction is more for HTTP 1.1 but HTTP 2 protocol support parallel downloading). This issue can be addressed by distributing the static resources across multiple domains that will intern increase the parallel download of resources.

The static resource to be on a cookie-less domain that makes the content load faster. The Cookies are uploaded with every request on a domain although they are only required on dynamic pages. This will add additional overhead while requesting the static resources through a cookie aware domain and increases the page load time - loading the cookie to request and download the cookie from the response.

To avoid this problem as discussed above define multiple domains and those are cookie less.

To define a cookie less domain, create a multiple domains e.g static1.example.com, static2.example.com etc and CNAME points to the parent domain - Make sure the cookie is set in the server only specific to the parent domain.

In Adobe Experience Manager(AEM) this can be achieved in the below two approaches

Component level:


Changing the static resource URL's in individual components with newly defined domains based on the resource type - may be separate domain for images, scripts, css etc. This will required more effort and also every component level changes to assign the specific URL's for the static resources. There is a possibly the developer will not implement this in all the components and the resources will be served from main domain.


Sling Rewriter to change the static resource URL's:


Define a Static Resource Transformer that will rewrite the resource URL's with static domains defined - multiple domains can be used

The ACS Static Reference Rewriter can be used to change the static resource URL's - https://adobe-consulting-services.github.io/acs-aem-commons/features/utils-and-apis/static-reference-rewriter/index.html

I have defined a Static Resource rewriter based on the above one to add some additional functionalities to match our requirements, thought of sharing as this may help someone with same requirement.

  • Exclude the rewrite based on attribute name and values
  • Exclude the rewrite for external resources
  • Exclude based on the complete path and URL prefix 
  • Rewrite the URL's for all srcset URL's 
  • The Rewriter is invoked only for specific content path.

StaticResourceTransformFactory.java

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Dictionary;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;

import org.apache.commons.lang3.ArrayUtils;
import org.apache.felix.scr.annotations.Activate;
import org.apache.felix.scr.annotations.Component;
import org.apache.felix.scr.annotations.Modified;
import org.apache.felix.scr.annotations.Properties;
import org.apache.felix.scr.annotations.Property;
import org.apache.felix.scr.annotations.PropertyUnbounded;
import org.apache.felix.scr.annotations.Service;
import org.apache.sling.commons.osgi.PropertiesUtil;
import org.apache.sling.rewriter.ProcessingComponentConfiguration;
import org.apache.sling.rewriter.ProcessingContext;
import org.apache.sling.rewriter.Transformer;
import org.apache.sling.rewriter.TransformerFactory;
import org.osgi.service.component.ComponentContext;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.xml.sax.Attributes;
import org.xml.sax.SAXException;
import org.xml.sax.helpers.AttributesImpl;
import org.apache.felix.scr.annotations.ConfigurationPolicy;

@Component(
label = "Static Resources Transformer Factory",
description = "Static Resources Transformer Factory",
        metatype = true,policy = ConfigurationPolicy.REQUIRE)
@Service
@Properties({
    @Property(
            name = "pipeline.type", label = "Static Resources Transformer Pipeline Type",description ="Static Resources Transformer Pipeline Type"),
    @Property(
            name = "webconsole.configurationFactory.nameHint",
            value = "Static Resources Transformer: {pipeline.type}")
})

public final class StaticResourceTransformFactory implements TransformerFactory {
    public final class StaticResourceTransformer extends org.apache.cocoon.xml.sax.AbstractSAXPipe
    implements org.apache.sling.rewriter.Transformer {

    @Override
    public void startElement(String uri, String localName, String qname, Attributes attr) throws SAXException {

      final String[] includeElementAttributesArray =includeElementAttributes.get(localName);
    AttributesImpl attrs = new AttributesImpl(attr);
   
    boolean excludeAttributeValue=false;
   
    for (int i = 0; i < attrs.getLength(); i++) {
    final String[] excludeAttributeValuesArray = excludeAttributeValues.get(attrs.getLocalName(i));
    excludeAttributeValue=ArrayUtils.contains(excludeAttributeValuesArray, attrs.getValue(i));
    LOG.info("excludeAttributeValue:"+excludeAttributeValue);

    if(excludeAttributeValue)
    {
    break;
    }
    }

    for (int i = 0; i < attrs.getLength(); i++) {
    String name = attrs.getLocalName(i);
    String value = attrs.getValue(i);
   
    if (ArrayUtils.contains(includeElementAttributesArray, name)
    && !ArrayUtils.contains(excludePath, value) && !isExcludedPrefix(excludePrefix,value)
    &&!(value.startsWith("https") || value.startsWith("http") || value.startsWith("//")) && !excludeAttributeValue) {
    {
    if(name.equals("srcset"))
    {
    String[] srcset=value.split(",");
    String srcsetValue="";
    for(int j=0;j<srcset.length;j++)
    {
    if(!(value.startsWith("https") || value.startsWith("http") || value.startsWith("//")))
    {
    srcsetValue=!srcsetValue.equals("")?srcsetValue+","+ prependHostName(srcset[j].trim()):srcsetValue+prependHostName(srcset[j].trim());
    }else
    {
    srcsetValue=srcsetValue+","+srcset[j];
    }
    }
    attrs.setValue(i, srcsetValue);
   
    }else
    {
    attrs.setValue(i, prependHostName(value));
    }
    }
    }
    }

    super.startElement(uri, localName, qname, attrs);

    }




Monday, January 15, 2018

Developing a caching service to cache third part elements to improve performance in Adobe Experience Manage(AEM)

Developing a caching service to cache third part elements to improve performance in Adobe Experience Manage(AEM) 


This post will explain the approach to cache third party elements to improve performance.
In AEM sometime we may have to load the third party data e.g. country list, state list to drop-down lists or other components from external service call, the response will be static and changes occasionally over time.

To improve the performance the data can be cached in AEM and enable a JMX bean to clear the cache whenever the data is modified in the external system. This approach can be modified according to the requirement, if the volume of the cache data is more then better to integrate with external caching system like ehcache.

Define the cache manager to put/get the cache objects
Define JMX bean to clear the cache objects

1. Define  CacheManager  to put/get objects into cache and methods to clear the cache through JMX bean

public class CacheManager {

  private static java.util.HashMap<String,Object> cacheHashMap = new java.util.HashMap<String,Object>();

  public static void putCache(Object object, String identifier)
  {
    cacheHashMap.put(identifier, object);
  }

  public static Object getCache(String identifier)
  {
  Object object = cacheHashMap.get(identifier);  
      return object;  
  }

   public static String removeCacheWithKey(String identifier)
  {
    if(!cacheHashMap.containsKey(identifier))
    {
    return "Invalid Key..";
    }
cacheHashMap.remove(identifier);  
return "Removed cache with key "+identifier;
 
  }

   public static String removeCacheAll()
  {
    cacheHashMap.clear();
    return "Removed cache";
 
  }

}


2. Sample client to get/put object into cache

public class CacheCleint {

public static void main(String[] args) {

String[] countrylist=new String[]{"USA","UK","AUS","IN"};

CacheManager.putCache(countrylist, "country-list");

String[] cachedCountrylist=(String[])CacheManager.getCache("country-list");

System.out.println(cachedCountrylist[1]);
}

}

3. Define JMX mbean to clear the cache

Define JMX mbean that will help to clear cache from OSGI JMX console or other JMX client.

import com.adobe.granite.jmx.annotation.Description;
import com.adobe.granite.jmx.annotation.Name;

@Description("Cache Manager JMX Bean")
public interface CacheManagerMBean {

    @Description("Remove the cache with cache id - country-list,state-list")
    String removeCacheWithKey(@Name("cacheKey") @Description("Valid cache key") String Cachekey);

    @Description("Remove All Cache")
    String removeCacheAll();
}

import javax.management.NotCompliantMBeanException;

import org.apache.felix.scr.annotations.Component;
import org.apache.felix.scr.annotations.Property;
import org.apache.felix.scr.annotations.Service;

import com.adobe.granite.jmx.annotation.AnnotatedStandardMBean;

@Component(immediate = true)
@Property(name = "jmx.objectname", value = "com.packagegenerator.core:type=CacheManager")
@Service
public class CacheManagerMBeanImpl extends AnnotatedStandardMBean implements CacheManagerMBean {

    public CacheManagerMBeanImpl() throws NotCompliantMBeanException {
        super(CacheManagerMBean.class);
    }

    @Override
    public String removeCacheWithKey(String cacheKey) {
    return CacheManager.removeCacheWithKey(cacheKey);
    }

    @Override
    public String removeCacheAll() {   
    return CacheManager.removeCacheAll();   
    }
 
}

The cache objects specified to a key or complete cache can be cleared through JMX client.

This will enable to cache the static data from a external system into AEM and improve the performance, the cache can be cleared through JMX console whenever required.

jmx-bean-cache-clear

jmx-bean-cache-clear

jmx-bean-cache-clear

jmx-bean-cache-clear



Sunday, January 14, 2018

How to upload and install the packages through Java API - Adobe Experience Manager(AEM)

How to upload and install the packages through Java API - Adobe Experience Manager(AEM)


This post will explain the approach to upload and install the packages through JAVA.

Refer the post for details on creating the package through Java - https://www.albinsblog.com/2018/01/sling-scheduler-to-auto-create-packages-JcrPackageManager-api-aem.html

Sample Servlet to upload and install the package - Convert the servlet to scheduler and import/replicate the package based on the scheduled time

import java.io.File;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Set;

import javax.jcr.Session;
import javax.servlet.ServletException;

import org.apache.felix.scr.annotations.Reference;
import org.apache.felix.scr.annotations.sling.SlingServlet;
import org.apache.jackrabbit.vault.fs.io.ImportOptions;
import org.apache.jackrabbit.vault.packaging.JcrPackage;
import org.apache.jackrabbit.vault.packaging.JcrPackageManager;
import org.apache.jackrabbit.vault.packaging.Packaging;
import org.apache.sling.api.SlingHttpServletRequest;
import org.apache.sling.api.SlingHttpServletResponse;
import org.apache.sling.api.resource.ResourceResolver;
import org.apache.sling.api.resource.ResourceResolverFactory;
import org.apache.sling.api.servlets.SlingAllMethodsServlet;
import org.apache.sling.api.servlets.SlingSafeMethodsServlet;
import org.apache.sling.jcr.api.SlingRepository;
import org.apache.sling.settings.SlingSettingsService;

import com.day.cq.replication.ReplicationActionType;
import com.day.cq.replication.Replicator;

/**
 * Servlet that writes some sample content into the response. It is mounted for
 * all resources of a specific Sling resource type. The
 * {@link SlingSafeMethodsServlet} shall be used for HTTP methods that are
 * idempotent. For write operations use the {@link SlingAllMethodsServlet}.
 */
@SuppressWarnings("serial")
@SlingServlet(paths= "/services/packageupload")
public class PackageUploadServlet extends SlingSafeMethodsServlet {

@Reference
private Packaging packaging;

@Reference
private SlingRepository repository;

@Reference
private ResourceResolverFactory resolverFactory;

@Reference
private SlingSettingsService settingsService;

@Reference
Replicator replicator;

@Override
protected void doGet(final SlingHttpServletRequest req, final SlingHttpServletResponse resp)
throws ServletException, IOException {

Session session = null;
if (isRunMode("author") && isMasterRepository()) {//Only run in author - change the servlet to scheduler and import/replicate the package based on the scheduled time
try {

String packagePath = "C:\\Albin\\test12018-01-14-15-00-00-023-1.0.zip";
Map<String, Object> param = new HashMap<String, Object>();
param.put(ResourceResolverFactory.SUBSERVICE, "packageService");

ResourceResolver resolver;

resolver = resolverFactory.getServiceResourceResolver(param);

session = resolver.adaptTo(Session.class);
JcrPackageManager jcrPackageManager = packaging.getPackageManager(session);

JcrPackage inputPackage=jcrPackageManager.upload(new File(packagePath), false, true, "test12018-01-14-15-00-00-023-1.0");
ImportOptions importOption=new ImportOptions();//Specify the import configurations

inputPackage.install(importOption);

//Replicate the package to publishers
replicator.replicate(session, ReplicationActionType.ACTIVATE, inputPackage.getDefinition().getNode().getPath().split("/jcr:content")[0]);

resp.getOutputStream().println("This package successfully uploaded and installed to the server....");

} catch (Exception e) {
// TODO Auto-generated catch block
resp.getOutputStream().println("Excpetion while uploading/installing the package...."+e.getMessage());
e.printStackTrace();
}finally {
if(session!=null)
{
session.logout();
}
}
}
}

private Boolean isRunMode(String mode) {
Set<String> runModes = settingsService.getRunModes();
for (String runMode : runModes) {
if (runMode.equalsIgnoreCase(mode)) {
return true;
}
}
return false;
}

public boolean isMasterRepository() {
final String isMaster = repository.getDescriptor("crx.cluster.master");
return isMaster != null && !isMaster.equals("") && Boolean.parseBoolean(isMaster);
}
}



Sling scheduler to auto create the packages through JcrPackageManager API - Adobe Experience Manager(AEM)

Sling scheduler to auto create the packages through JcrPackageManager API - Adobe Experience Manager(AEM)


This post will explains the approach to define Sling scheduler to auto create the packages through JcrPackageManager API in Adobe Experience Manager(AEM).

Define a Service user:


Define a Service User with required access to create a  package.

Login to CRX explorer -  http://localhost:4502/crx/explorer/index.jsp
Click on User Administration

AEM-service-user

Click on Create System User

AEM-service-user

Enter the User Id - "packageassembler and the path - "system/packageassembler"

AEM-service-user