Tuesday, July 1, 2014

Resolving cvc-elt.1: Cannot find the declaration of element 'beans' in Spring

Resolving cvc-elt.1: Cannot find the declaration of element 'beans' in Spring

I was receiving the following exception while running the Spring application in standalone mode with maven and eclipse.

Exception in thread "main" org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.XmlBeanDefinitionStoreException: Line 11 in XML document from class path resource [encrypt/encrypting-test.xml] is invalid; nested exception is org.xml.sax.SAXParseException: cvc-elt.1: Cannot find the declaration of element 'beans'.
at org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.XmlBeanDefinitionReader.doLoadBeanDefinitions(XmlBeanDefinitionReader.java:396)
at org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.XmlBeanDefinitionReader.loadBeanDefinitions(XmlBeanDefinitionReader.java:334)
at org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.XmlBeanDefinitionReader.loadBeanDefinitions(XmlBeanDefinitionReader.java:302)
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanDefinitionReader.loadBeanDefinitions(AbstractBeanDefinitionReader.java:143)

Caused by: org.xml.sax.SAXParseException: cvc-elt.1: Cannot find the declaration of element 'beans'.
at org.apache.xerces.util.ErrorHandlerWrapper.createSAXParseException(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.xerces.util.ErrorHandlerWrapper.error(Unknown Source)

Unfortunately i could not able to find any issue in my bean configuration file.
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xmlns:jee="http://www.springframework.org/schema/jee"
xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
xsi:schemaLocation="
http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.1.xsd
http://www.springframework.org/schema/jee
http://www.springframework.org/schema/jee/spring-jee-3.1.xsd
http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.1.xsd">

<bean id="encryptXMLPayload" class="com.encrypt.EncryptXMLPayload">
<property name="encryptor" ref="encryptor" />
<property name="messageStylesheet" value="classpath:encrypt/encryptXMLPayload.xslt" />
</bean>

<bean id="encryptor" class="com.encrypt.Encryptor" init-method="init">
<property name="keyData" value="pYOkcj4_kf-4hn-A-IkclLWDBJI-T5bd"/>
</bean>
</beans>

After analysis the issue is with version mismatch between the pom.xml(spring version configured) and the schema version  configured in the bean configuration file

<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-core</artifactId>
<version>3.0.0.RELEASE</version>
<scope>compile</scope>
</dependency>

<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xmlns:jee="http://www.springframework.org/schema/jee"
xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
xsi:schemaLocation="
http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.1.xsd
http://www.springframework.org/schema/jee
http://www.springframework.org/schema/jee/spring-jee-3.1.xsd
http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.1.xsd">

How to Fix

The issue got resolved after changing the schema version to 3.0 in the bean configuration file as shown below

<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xmlns:jee="http://www.springframework.org/schema/jee"
xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
xsi:schemaLocation="
http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd
http://www.springframework.org/schema/jee
http://www.springframework.org/schema/jee/spring-jee-3.0.xsd
http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.0.xsd">

The spring version configured in the pom.xml and the schema version used in the bean configuration files should be matching.


2 comments:

  1. I had to add


    before tag started in my bean configuration file which resolved the issue.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. <? xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8 ?>

      Please complete double quote after UTF-8. I removed it because of publishing issue.

      Delete